Asthma is a respiratory condition that affects thousands of Australians. However, familiarising yourself with the indicators of the disease can make it more manageable and help fond the proper treatment for relief of its symptoms.

Below are the signs of symptoms of Asthma to look out for:

Common asthma indicators

Below are the common symptoms an asthma patient usually has:

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath) – This is where the patient is not able to catch their breath, even if they are breathing deeply. Dyspnea can be caused by an allergic reaction where inflammation occurs in the lungs.
  • Whistling sound while breathing – A person suffering from asthma sometimes produces a whistling sound as they breathe. The cause of this is due to an obstruction in their airway tract.
  • Constant and intermittent coughing – Coughing is a mechanical reflex caused by an irritation or inflammatory response within an individual’s respiratory tract. Asthma patients often experience this symptom at night or during physical activity.
  • Tightened or pressured chest – Chest pains or a feeling of tightening can be due to the thinning of an individual’s airway. Because of this, the cardiac muscles become deficient of blood.

Signs of an asthma attack

This condition is called bronchospasm, where the bronchi smooth muscles are not able to contract normally. The following are signs shown by a patient suffering from an asthma attack:

  • Severity of their common conditions – This includes all of the symptoms listed above. Patients suffering from bronchospasm experience continuous coughing, intense chest pain and breathlessness.
  • Signs of hypoxemia – Patients suffering from an asthma attack might have their respiratory tract completely blocked which is preventing breathing. This causes the lips and nails to turn blue.

Types of medications for asthma

There are three types of medications used for asthma treatment and management. They come in the form of inhalers or pills, such as:

  1. Control medications – These are taken for managing the condition. Control medications help the patient build resistance against factors which can cause inflammation in their respiratory tract. They help in the long term by lowering the risk of an asthma attack.
  2. Emergency medications – These are commonly used in case of an asthma attack. Emergency medications are able to open up the respiratory tract by using short-acting beta agonists.
  3. Allergy control medications – This helps build a patient’s resistance against allergen triggered asthma attacks. They provide the same benefits as control medications.

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